Tracheostomy Care Instructions – Key Information You Should Know

By Felicia Eisnnicher •  5 min read
Tracheostomy Care Instructions – Key Information You Should Know

If you or a loved one has recently undergone tracheostomy surgery, it is important to understand the necessary care and maintenance of the tracheostomy tube and surrounding area. In this blog post, we will provide key information on tracheostomy care that will help ensure a smooth and speedy recovery!

1. Medical equipment

It is important to have the right medical equipment on hand for tracheostomy care. This includes a device or suction machine to help clear mucus from the airway, tubing, and connectors, chest tubes if needed, specialized cleaners, a humidifier to prevent dryness and irritation of your tracheostomy tube and skin, as well as replacement parts such as inner cannulas, ties, ties ends, and plugs. Your doctor will provide you with detailed instructions on how to use each item safely and correctly. A lot of tracheostomy products can be found online, and it is important to only purchase supplies from trusted manufacturers. It is also important to regularly check the expiration dates on all products.

2. Hygiene

To maintain good hygiene practices when providing tracheostomy care, you should clean around the stoma once per day with mild soap and water or an antiseptic solution. It is important to ensure that the area is completely dried after each use. Also, keep an eye on the tracheostomy tube for any signs of moisture or accumulation of secretions, and be sure to clean it regularly with a soft cloth dipped in soapy water. Pay particular attention to any areas where skin may have come into contact with the tube, as this can lead to further irritation and infection.

3. Cleaning Supplies

When providing tracheostomy care, you should always maintain an adequate supply of cleaning supplies at hand including disposable gloves, antiseptic wipes or sprays, cotton swabs, and gauze pads. In addition to these items, you may need specialized cleaners such as pre-filled sterile saline solutions or enzyme cleaners, which can help to dissolve thicker mucus or debris. Also, it is important to keep a spare tracheostomy tube on hand in case of an emergency.

4. Protective dressings

It is important to cover the tracheostomy site with a protective dressing each time you change the cannula or ties. This will help protect against irritation and contamination. Ensure that the protective dressing is changed regularly, as this will help reduce the risk of infection. If it becomes wet, discolored, or dirty during use, replace it immediately with a new one. Sometimes a specialized dressing with a built-in filter is used to catch any mucus or secretions which are expelled from the airway. It is also important to note that the dressing should not be too tight and should allow for easy removal.

5. Changing Cannulas and Ties

Cannulas should be changed every 3-7 days depending on your doctor’s instructions, and they should only be changed in clean environments by someone wearing sterile gloves. When changing the cannula or ties, be sure to apply a protective dressing around the stoma before changing out the component. Once changed, inspect both parts for any signs of damage or discoloration. Also, be sure to secure the ties tightly, but not too tight, as this may cause discomfort.  

6. Monitoring Vital Signs

It is important to monitor vital signs such as oxygen levels and respiration rate after a tracheostomy. Usually, you will be instructed to do so at least twice per day or when you notice any changes in the patient’s condition. If there is any sudden change in your loved one’s vital signs, immediately contact their healthcare provider for advice. Also, monitor for any changes in the tracheostomy tube such as kinks, clogs, or obstruction to ensure that it is functioning properly. 

How long is the recovery after a tracheostomy?

Recovery time after a tracheostomy can vary depending on the patient’s condition and the type of procedure performed. Generally, it takes 1-2 weeks for the patient to become comfortable with their new device and another 2-3 weeks before they can resume normal activities. After this period, the patient’s doctor will gradually reduce their dependence on the device as much as possible. With proper care, most patients can return home within a few weeks and lead relatively normal lives with little or no further complications from their tracheostomy. It is important to remember that a tracheostomy is not a cure-all and may require ongoing medical attention and care. 

Tracheostomy Care Instructions – Key Information You Should Know

By following these key tracheostomy care instructions, you can help ensure that you or your loved one have a smooth and speedy recovery. Be sure to contact your doctor if there are any problems with the tracheostomy tube or area, and maintain regular follow-up visits to ensure that everything is healing properly. With proper care and maintenance, you can enjoy safe and comfortable breathing through your tracheostomy!

Felicia Eisnnicher

I am the Lead Author and Editor at Gemstagram. I am responsible for creating and editing content about the power of gems and crystals. I also teach about Self-knowing, self-understanding and personal empowerment through numerology. My mission is to help people understand the power of gems and crystals, and how they can use that power to improve their lives. I believe that by understanding ourselves better, we can become more empowered individuals who are able to create our own destiny.

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